The Italy-Croatia CBC Programme’s overall objective is “to increase the prosperity and the blue growth potential of the area by stimulating cross-border partnerships able to achieve tangible changes”. The main key assets are related to the maritime dimension of the Programme due to the central location of the Adriatic Sea:
- the maritime character of historical trade relations;
- the joint asset of natural areas and cultural heritage;
- the shared importance of economy branches exploiting the rich natural sea-based resources;
- the transportation patterns and socioeconomic processes.
The challenge for the Programme is that maritime issues are not the subject of a specific Thematic Objective (TO) under ERDF, but rather should be seen as a cross-cutting issue. This creates the challenge of interpreting, prioritizing and integrating the maritime dimension in the selected Priority Axes. The Italy - Croatia Programme is composed of four Priority Axes responding to the identified key assets and challenges, within each of the four priority axes specific joint cross-border actions will be supported and numerous outputs will be obtained.
(click on relative button image to read more about relative axis)
PRIORITY AXIS 3 “ENVIRONMENT AND CULTURAL HERITAGE”
Under this priority, the Italy-Croatia Cooperation Programme addresses key socio-economic challenges and needs related to sustainable growth as defined in the Europe 2020 Strategy.
Due to its long-lasting traditions and dynamic history, the Programme area is very rich in cultural and environmental resources that require proper conservation. It is at the same time important to protect and further develop those resources in order to preserve its values and promote it for tourism.
Since an important part of the Adriatic Sea is beyond national jurisdiction limitations, cross-border cooperation is necessary in order to ensure an efficient protection of marine biodiversity and to make a sustainable use of marine and coastal ecosystems and resources. The Programme will enhance coordinated innovative methods in order to tackle anthropic polluting activities of the marine environment. It will also address need for stronger efforts in developing and using innovative methods and technologies with a direct impact to the reduction of inflows of hazardous substances to the Adriatic basin.
The financial allocation to this priority is around MEUR 70 ERDF.
Projects to be funded will have to tackle one of the three specific objectives formulated under this priority:
SO 3.1 Make natural and cultural heritage a leverage for sustainable and more balanced territorial development
This SO aims at reaching a higher level of sustainable economic and territorial development by exploiting the potentials of the natural assets and cultural heritage while preserving them and increasing their value.
The right balance between conservation/protection of the widely spread environmental and landscape assets and development is one of the main challenges in the region. Specific attention shall be given to the valorization/preservation of a rich cultural heritage deeply permeating the area, not only in the form of historical artifacts but also traditions and folklore which link the two coasts of the Adriatic sea.
Projects investing in natural and cultural heritage needs to be primarily aimed at the diversification of the local economy by taking advantage of the heritage of the area in a sustainable way, protecting and enhancing it both in urban and rural contexts, particularly in areas less known or visited. This will support the shift of tourist flows from peak towards low seasons months.
With regard to the valorization policies, a systemic approach at a cross-border level is more effective, involving all the private and public actors in the adoption of action strategies for cultural and landscape identity of the area.
Types of Actions
- Actions aimed at increasing the value of natural and cultural heritage by developing and implementing protection and promotion measures
- Actions aimed at fostering economic development by sustainable tourism or other activities based upon natural and cultural heritage protection and promotion
- Actions aimed at decreasing the human pressure to natural and cultural heritage sites
SO 3.2 Contribute to protect and restore biodiversity
Integrated environmental management requires a comprehensive and holistic approach (including ecosystem-based, Maritime Spatial Planning - MSP and Integrated Coastal Management ICM) to natural resources, planning and management involving authorities at different levels (local, regional and national) and can offer an appropriate response if tackled at cross-border level.
For this SO the main change envisaged is the strengthening of the management and protection of ecosystems and the cooperation between public actors/managers of the protected areas in order to increase environmental benefits and to provide economic and employment opportunities. Given that conservation of natural resources is not possible without an adequate knowledge of the natural systems, an increase in the systematic monitoring will be pursued by SO 3.2.Interventions can contribute to implementing the EU Biodiversity Strategy and reaching the 2020 biodiversity targets.
Types of Actions
- Actions aimed at improving the knowledge base, data and monitoring systems for protecting biodiversity and ecosystems
- Actions aimed at supporting the restoring of biodiversity
SO 3.3 Improve the environmental quality conditions of the sea and coastal area by use of sustainable and innovative technologies and approaches
The SO 3.3 aims at improving the quality of the water of the sea by using innovative technologies in waste management and treatment, as well as new integrated approaches in facing several problems, including the emerging issue of marine litter.
The CBC Programme will support more intensive and effective cooperation among various local stakeholders and managers responsible for sites/ activities potentially generating pollution. Knowledge and information exchanges on the use of new technologies for the collection, treatment and recycling of several type of waste should be supported as the improvement of conditions on one side of the border brings immediate benefits to the other side.
Types of Actions
- Developing, demonstrating and implementing small-scale innovative environmental friendly technology actions and approaches
- Innovative actions aimed at improving the knowledge on the environmental quality