MITIGATION & MANAGING HAZARDS IN THE ADRIATIC
FIRST ACHIEVEMENTS OF AdiraMORE
The objective of "Standard+" project AdriaMORE is to increase the management capacity of responding to marine and coastal hazards in the Adriatic basin and to mitigate the damage impact caused by weather conditions along the coastal regions both in Italy and Croatia. A number of technical interventions, such as literature review, software developments, ad-hoc simulations and testing on relevant case studies, were carried out during this period. The latter developed an integrated system to observe and forecast possible scenarios at high hydro-meteorological risk for civil protection purposes.
AdriaMORE integrated system is currently developing new components and has started implementing a suitable chain, in order to process weather radar data having different technical features; at the same time, preliminary assessments were conducted on case studies in this respect. A “radar mosaicking scheme” was designed capable of ingesting both 3D and 2D data to provide, as an output, the field of rain.
The ChyM Hydrological Model - a model designed to provide a general purpose tool for flood alert mapping and hydrological risk management - was tested on the Pescara river outlet. The alarm indexes were calibrated on the basis of the results produced by two case studies, according to the best methods suggested by the scientific literature. In addition, the high-resolution (1km) meteorological model WRF (Weather Research and Forecasting) is set up on the coastal area of the Abruzzo region and was tested for coupling with a wave model - the latter can forecast the main marine fields like significant wave height, length and direction. Several cases were evaluated with a focus on heavy precipitation events and wind storms.
Moreover, preliminary simulation was conducted for the evaluation of statistical trends for total suspended matter and chlorophyll concentration using satellite data. These parameters help understand the response of the coastal ecosystems to human pressures, so as to detect eutrophication caused by river runoffs and to recognize the distribution of fluvial sediment. In this respect, modeling simulations in coastal areas and open sea were also conducted for the computation of transport and dispersion properties of environmental sensitive tracers.
These first AdriaMORE achievements will be further developed by the project partners with the aim to equip the involved territories and people with effective tools to tackle severe weather events and other marine risks triggered by hydro-meteorological events, thus reducing damage and increasing safety.